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An ITK Implementation of Physics-based Non-rigid Registration Method

Liu, Yixun, Kot, Andriy, Drakopoulos, Fotis, Fedorov, Andriy, Enquobahrie, Andinet, Clatz, Olivier, Chrisochoides, Nikos
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Published in The Insight Journal - 2012 January-December.
Submitted by Yixun Liu on 2012-08-21 18:20:13.

As part of the ITK v4 project efforts, we have developed ITK filters for physics-based non-rigid registration (PBNRR), which satisfies the following requirements: account for tissue properties in the registration, improve accuracy compared to rigid registration, and reduce execution time using GPU and multi-core accelerators. The implementation has three main components: (1) Feature Point Selection, (2) Block Matching (mapped to both multi-core and GPU processors), and (3) a Robust Finite Element Solver. The use of multi-core and GPU accelerators in ITK v4 provides substantial performance improvements. For example, in average for the non-rigid registration of brain MRIs, the performance of the Block Matching filter is about 12 times faster when 12 hyperthreaded multi-cores are used and about 540 times faster when the Quadro 6000 with 448 threads is used in Dell Workstation.